Surat Rum (30:21)
And of His signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquillity in them; and He placed between you affection and mercy. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought.
And of His signs is this: He created for you helpmeets from yourselves that ye might find rest in them, and He ordained between you love and mercy. Lo! herein indeed are portents for folk who reflect.
And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquillity with them, and He has put love and mercy between your (hearts): verily in that are Signs for those who reflect.
Tafsir: Quran ar-Rum 30:21]
"that you may find repose [taskoonoo] in them".
The word in arabic for Repose is; Sakoon.
Tranquility/calmness. Anyone who has been in love has felt this strongly
when they are with their lover. This is one of the strongest feelings that
person will feel when they are with their lover.
This feeling of joy, contenment and tranquility makes the person have extreme love for that person. So Allah after explaining the first attribute of Tranquility says describes the next stage;
"..and he has put between you affection (Mawaddah).."
Mawaddah is love with a passion, an extreme liking to something.
So the lover;
1) Feels at ease [feels calmness] with the person.
2) Has an extreme passionate liking to them.
This Mawaddah stage usually lasts for around 2 years.
As the couple continue living together, the passion gradually lessens. Both partners mature abit more and the fantasies die out abit more.
So many obstacles come within their way because they are living with each other. Before they were both blinded by passion, but now they see each others mistakes and errors.
So Allah tells us;
"and He has put between you affection and MERCY (rahmah).."
now that the passions have slightly died out, and the calmness isn't always
there in the relationship (arguments do happen in marriage) - Allah tells us
that He has placed between the lovers Mercy.
So even though they might argue with each other, they have mercy on each other and forgive. This mercy keeps your relationship going, because deep down inside you still care that your partner doesn't get hurt.
"..Verily, in that are signs for people who reflect."