Merits of These Days
Abu Hurayrah (RTA)narrated that the Prophet (SAW)said, “On no days is the worship of Allah desired more than in the (first) ten days of DhulHijjah. The fast of each of these days is equal to the fast of a whole year, and the worship of each of these nights is equal to the worship of Laylatul-Qadr.” (Tirmidhi)
Excellence of the first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah
Ibn Hajar has mentioned in his book (Fathal-Bari): “The reason for the excellence of the first ten days of Zul-Hijjahis that the Muslim can perform in them the main kinds of worship which are prayer, fasting, charity and Hajj, while he can't gather all these kinds of worship in the other days of the year.”
Type of deeds in the first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah
Staying away from all acts of disobedience
Offering salahin congregation
Performing Hajj & Umrah
Doing more good deeds
Takbeer (saying: AllahuAkbar)
First ten days of Dhul-Hijjah
The Prophet (SAW)said: “There are no days on which good deeds are greater or more beloved to Allah than on these ten days, so recite much Tahleel(saying Laailaahaill-Allah), Takbeer (saying AllahuAkbar) and Tahmeed(saying AlhamduLillaah).”
Virtues of These Days
The virtue of these ten days is based on many things:
Allah swears an oath by them, and swearing an oath by something is indicative of its importance and great benefit. Allah says (meaning): “By the dawn; by the ten nights”.
Suggested Deeds For These Days
The Prophet (SAW)instructed those of his followers who could not reach the blessed places, to imitate the pilgrims by not cutting the hair and clipping the nails so that the mercy of Allah can enshroud them too, together with the pilgrims.
Umm Salamah(RTA)said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW)said, “When anyone of you sights the moon of Dhul-Hijjahand anyone of you intends to make sacrifice then let him not touch his hair and his nails” i.e. let him refrain (from cutting) his hair and nails. (Muslim)
Fasting These Days
Hunaydaibn Khalid (RTA)relates from his wife, who relates from one of the wives of the Messenger of Allah (SAW), who says, “The Messenger of Allah(SAW) would fast the [first] nine days of DhulHijjah, the day of Ashura and the three days of every month: The first Monday of every month and the following two Thursdays”. (Nasa’i: 2417)
Imam An-Nawawirecommended to fast the ten days as he said: “Fasting these days is highly recommended.”
10 days means 9 days from the 1st of DhulHijjahas it is prohibited to fast on the days of Eid.
Day of ‘Arafah
Receive the glad tidings of a day wherein Allah (SAW)removes one’s faults and sins. Allah’s Messenger (SAW)said: “There is no day upon which Allah frees His servants from the Hellfire more than the day of Arafat. He draws near and then He praises them to the angels, saying: What do these want?”
Features of The Day of ‘Arafah
Fasting on the day of ‘Arafahexpiates the sins of two years. i.e. preceding year and coming year.
The best supplication is that which is made on the day of ‘Arafah.
The best of it is what could be said on the day of ‘Arafahis: “There is no god but Allah alone without any partners, unto Him belong the dominion and all praise and He has power over all things.”