From praying to performing Ghusl (ritual
bath), O Allah has placed His Blessings in everything. These rewards and
blessings can be attained only by those keen to follow the guidance and
example of the Prophet Muhammad(SAW) into every aspect of their lives, thereby seeking nothing but the pleasure of their Creator.
entire life of such people becomes an act of worship. Even the act of
eating and drinking, upon which all living things depend, can become
acts of worship. Thus, by acquainting ourselves with the Sunnah (the
tradition of the Prophet SAW ) of eating and drinking, we too can turn this mundane exercise into an act of worship and a source of blessing.
The etiquette of eating
1- How to begin
When a Muslim begins to eat, he should begin with the name of Allah. As the Prophet Muhammad (SAW)said: ‘When
one of you eats, he should mention Allah’s name (i.e. say Bismillah).
If he forgets to mention Allah’s name at the beginning, he should say
(when he remembers): I begin in the name of Allah at the beginning and
at the end of it.’
The Prophet (SAW)
explained that Shaytan (Satan) partakes in the food if the name of
Allah is not mentioned at the start of eating. However, if one forgets
in the beginning and then remembers and says the aforementioned Du'aa
(supplication), Shaytan is made to vomit out what he had eaten.
2- The manners of eating
The best manner in which to eat food is with the fingers of the right hand. The Companion, Ka'ab bin Malik reported that he saw the Messenger eating with three fingers and when he finished, he would lick them. Another manner of eating which the Prophet(SAW)
taught us is that we should always eat from what is nearest to us and
not from the middle of the plate. The reason for this is that the
blessings come down upon the food in its middle, therefore it should be
left to last. [Abu Dawood, eng. Trans. Vol. 3, p. 1064, no. 3763]
3- The manners of sitting while sating.
would never eat while in a reclining position. Eating while reclining
was a manner used to show arrogance, as traditionally associated with
the Greeks and Romans.
The whole life of the Prophet(SAW) was a model of modesty and humility and this was evident in his manner of eating. The Companion Anas reported that he saw Allah’s Messenger squatting and eating dates [Muslim]. At other times, the Prophet would sit on his knees as reported by ‘Abdullah bin Busr who said that: "The Prophet was sitting on his knees upon which a bedouin asked: ‘Why are you sitting like this?’ The Prophet replied: “Allah has made me a respectable servant and He did not make me an obstinate tyrant.”
4- Do not criticize food:
Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet never found fault with food. If he liked it, he would eat it, but if he disliked it, he just left it.
These are the manners our Prophet
who we are enjoined to emulate, who was the best example for mankind.
If we look at the manners of people nowadays, we will see that people
are quick to criticize food. It is a sign of extreme ingratitude to
Allah, the Provider. Rather, one should be thankful to Allah for
whatever He has provided us with and not complain about its taste. One
should also remind oneself that there are many people who do not know
where their next meal is coming from. So we should instead be grateful
as instructed by Allah (what means): "O
you who believe, eat of the good (lawful) things We have provided you
with, and be grateful to Allah, if it is (indeed) He whom you worship."[Quran 2:172]
5- Do not eat too much
In today’s times, many people follow a lifestyle in which they over
indulge in food. They eat large quantities until it is difficult for
them to breathe and they can almost feel the food rising to their
throats. We have been taught by the Prophet that we should do all things in moderation, including eating. The Prophet said: “A Believer eats in one intestine, whereas a non-believer eats in seven intestines”[Muslim]
we should not eat until we are completely satiated; rather we should
eat an amount of food that eliminates the hunger and does not satisfy us
to our fullest.
6- After eating
we have finished eating, we should always remember Allah and be
grateful to Him, for He is the Provider and our Sustainer. We should
express this gratitude in the manner in which the Prophet taught us. He said: “One
who has eaten some food and then says: ‘All praise is for Allah, who
has given me this (food to eat) and provided for me without any effort
or power on my part’, he will have his sins forgiven.” [At-Tirmithi]
We can extract most of the etiquettes of eating from the following Hadeeth: Narrated ‘Umar bin Abi Salamah : “I was a boy under the care of Allah’s Messenger and my hand used to go around the dish while I was eating. So Allah’s Messenger said to me: ‘O young boy! Mention the name of Allah, eat with your right hand and eat of the dish what is nearer to you.” [Al-Bukhari]
Etiquette of drinking dater
should be drunk in three breaths, that is one should breathe three
times outside the drinking vessel one is drinking from. This habit has a
salutary impact on one's character and helps one avoid doing things in
Anas reported: The Messenger of Allah used to breathe three times in the course of a drink (he used to drink in three gulps).
The Messenger of Allah
also prohibited us from breathing in the drinking vessel because the
bad smell or spittle may flow into the drink. This is both vile as well
as injurious to one's health. Abu Qatadah reported: "The Prophet forbade breathing into the vessel while drinking."
To sum up the etiquette of drinking:
1. Never drink straight from a bottle (carbon dioxide is released in the bottle).
2. Do not drink from the mug's cleft and do not breathe in the beverage.
3. Drink in three draughts.
4. Invoke Allah when you drink and praise him when you finish.
It is reported that the Prophet said: "Do
not drink the water in one draught just like camels, but drink it in
one or three gulps, and invoke Allah when you drink and praise Him when