Besides giving moral guidelines to
its followers, Islam also gives ways and instructions to help the
followers live life in the best manner possible.
integral part of the well-being of the followers of a particular
religion is their health. Without any doubt, the health of the followers
indicates the kind of guidelines they follow. Therefore, Islam does not
take this aspect of its followers lightly and tries to help improve the
health of its followers in different ways.
five pillars of Islam if analyzed from the health perspective help
increase the spiritual and physical health of its followers. Before
explaining how the pillars work in relation with spiritual and physical
health, the need is to define the source of health and its deterioration
in light of Islam.
In Quran, Allah Almighty says:
“Everything good that happens to you (O mankind) is from God. Everything evil that happens to you is from your own actions.”(4:79)
analyzed form health perspective, this ayah of Quran, points towards
the fact that Allah Almighty has given the best to mankind in the form
of all the natural things, whether it’s the constituents of human body
or the atmosphere we live in, however, it’s the human tampering with the
resources that causes decline in health. The evident example of it can
be seen in the form of increasing pollution, the eating of junk and
unhealthy foods, adopting an unnatural life style and so on.
The lines below explain how the five pillars of Islam help increase the spiritual and physical health of its followers.
cannot be spiritual stability in a person until and unless he expresses
his belief in the authority of Allah Almighty and submits to His being
the Creator of the Universe and the only Lord. When a follower has such
kind of belief, then all the calamities and difficulties that a follower
faces appear light as the follower is aware of the fact that Allah
Almighty is on his side and He never lets those down who count on Him.
Therefore, the reason why a Muslim should never be pessimistic even in
the worst conditions is the fact that he has belief in Allah Almighty
and His Mercy. Thus, a Muslim always finds the silver lining even in the
worst conditions which keeps him spiritually healthy.
second pillar of Islam is prayer. Besides being a religious obligation
that definitely elevates the spiritual health, prayer also helps
increase the physical health of a Muslim as well. The three attributes
associated with prayer help increase the spiritual and physical health
of a person. A detail of these attributes is as follows.
Wudu (Ablution) is a requisite for performing prayer. A Muslim cannot
perform prayer until and unless he has performed ablution. The
performing of ablution involves exposing all the apparent body parts
like mouth, face, nostrils, feet, hands, and ears to water thus helping
them in their cleaning. Therefore, when a Muslim performs ablution five
times a day before the prayers, cleanliness is ensured and a Muslim
removes the body from all the germs, which accumulate if the body parts
are not washed regularly. Hence, ablution before prayers improves
hygiene that adds to physical health.
Quran Recitation- For
Muslims Quran is the ultimate source of guidance and gives a proper
code of conduct for living life. Besides being a beacon of guidance,
Quran is also recited during the prayers and this activity helps improve
both the physical and spiritual health of a person. This is why Muslims
emphasize on Quran education for children, so that when they grow up
they are spiritually and physically healthy. In Quran Allah Almighty
mankind! There has come to you a direction from your Lord and a healing
for the (disease) in your hearts- an for those who believe a guidance
and mercy!” (10:57)
ayah clearly states that Quran is the cure for diseases of heart, which
can be interpreted both literally and metaphorically. Research is been
conducted about the effectiveness of recitation of Quran during the
prayer and the effect it has on the heart. As far as the spiritual
health of the heart is concerned, Quran recitation during prayer
definitely helps elevate the health of spirit.
Physical Exercise- Performing
prayer requires making certain kinds of body postures. These body
postures if viewed from the perspective of physical exercise work on all
the major muscles of the body. Therefore, performing prayer five times a
day is a physical activity and keeps the body healthy.
gives the concept of Zakat (charity), which literally means to purify
or cleanse. Although it apparently cleanses the wealth of a person,
however, on a deeper level it actually cleanses the soul of a person and
decreases the love for worldly wealth and money from the heart of a
person, the greed of which is one of the biggest curses.
is the fourth pillar of Islam, and by far the best example of physical
health for people who are fond of dieting to lose weight. Besides being a
religious obligation, fasting helps a person clean the body from all
the impurities that accumulate in it because of eating throughout the
day. Moreover, in the month of Ramadan, during fast Muslims refrain from
eating or drinking all kinds of things from dusk till dawn, therefore,
those who wish to quit smoking or control their overeating, fasting is
the best solution. Thus, fasting helps improve the physical well being
of a Muslim.
fifth pillar of Islam is Hajj, the activities that comprise hajj are
both that improve the physical and spiritual health of a Muslim. The
prayers, the Tawaf of Kabah, the running between Saffa and Marwa, the
universal gathering all are the factors that elevate the spiritual and
physical health of a Muslim.
short, Islam is not just prayers and moral obligations; rather Islam is
complete code of life and enables a Muslim to enjoy life in the best
way possible, whether it’s spiritual or physical.
May Allah Almighty help us all enjoy the life with best of health in both spiritual and physical aspect. Ameen!