The solution to this problem, like others, has two aspects: theoretical and practical. In this article, we have decided to look more at the practical aspects.
The Muslim should know the great status of salat al-fajr in the sight of Allah, may He be glorified. The Prophet (SAW) said: "Whoever prays the dawn prayer in congregation, it is as if he had prayed the whole night long." (Muslim). The Prophet (SAW) also said: "The most burdensome prayers for the hypocrites are salat al-isha and salat al-fajr, but if they only knew what they contain, they would come even if they had to crawl." (Ahmad). "Whoever prays fajr is under the protection of Allah. Do not put yourselves in a situation where Allah has to call you to account for your negligence." (Tabaraani)
"Angels come to you in shifts by night and by day. They meet at salat al-fajr and salat al-asr, then those who had stayed with you at night ascend, and are asked by the One Who knows better than they: How did you find My servants? They say, We left them when they were praying, and we came to them when they were praying." (Bukhaari)
"Whoever prays al-Bardayn* will enter Paradise." (Bukhari
*Al-Bardayn are fajr and asr.
The practical aspects:
Sleeping early: According to a saheeh hadeeth, the Prophet (SAW) used to dislike sleeping before isha and talking afterwards. The Muslim should not sleep before salat al-isha because it is obvious that most of those who sleep before it will spend the rest of the night feeling so tired and heavy that it will be as if they are ill. It is a fact that people differ with regard to their need for sleep, so it is not possible to dictate a set number of hours that people should sleep, but each person should stick to the salat al-fajr, making sure that one is clean (taahir) and reciting adhkaar (prayers) before sleeping.
This helps a person to get up for fajr. Having a sincere intention and being determined, when going to sleep, that one will get up for fajr. But a person who goes to sleep hoping that the alarm will not go off, and that no one will come and wake him up, will not be able to get up to pray fajr whilst he still has this bad intention.
Remembering Allah as soon as one wakes up. Some people may initially wake up, then they go back to sleep again. But if a person remembers Allah straight after waking up, this will loosen one of the knots of Shaytaan, and will motivate him to get up. When he performs wudoo, his determination becomes stronger, and Shaytaan is driven further away, and when he prays, his shaytaan is defeated, his balance (of good deeds) becomes heavier, and he will feel happy and energetic. Seeking help from ones family and friends to pray fajr, and encouraging one another in this regard. This is essential, and is undoubtedly included in the words of Allah (interpretation of the meanings): "Help you one another in al-birr and al-taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety)\" [al-Maaidah 5:2]
"By al-asr (time). Verily! Man is in loss, except those who believe and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth and recommend one another to patience." [al-Asr 103:1-3]
The Muslim should encourage his wife, for example by waking her up to pray fajr, and she should encourage him, no matter how tired and exhausted he may be. Children should also seek their father\'s help to wake up, so he can wake them when it is time for the prayer. No father should say "They have exams, they are tired, let them sleep, poor kids." It is a mistake to think that be doing this one is being a kind and merciful parent; true parental mercy means that the father wakes them up to worship Allah.
"And enjoin al-salah (the prayer) on your family, and be patient in offering them (the prayers)" [Ta-Ha 20:132 (interpretation of the meaning)]. ? Just as family members should help and encourage one another to pray fajr, so brothers in Islam can also help one another. For example, university students living in the same residence or neighbours in the same neighbourhood can help one another by knocking on a neighbors door to wake him for prayer and helping him to worship Allah. Praying to Allah to help him to wake up to pray fajr in congregation.
Duaa is one of the greatest sources of strength and success in all things. Using various means of being woken up, such as alarm clocks. These should be put in the most appropriate place. Some people put the alarm clock next to their head, and when it rings, they turn if off at once and go straight back to sleep. Such a person should put the clock a little further away, so that he can feel that it is really waking him up. Throwing water in the face of the person who is sleeping. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) praised the man who gets up at night to pray, and wakes his wife, and when she refuses to get up, he throws water in her face; and he praised the woman who gets up at night to pray, and wakes her husband, and when he refuses to get up, she throws water in his face. (Ahmad) Throwing water in a persons face is one of the means of waking a person for prayer that is prescribed by shareeah.
In fact it is quite refreshing and energizing. Not sleeping alone. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) forbade any man to sleep alone. (Ahmad). Perhaps the wisdom behind this prohibition is that a person could sleep too long if there is no-one to wake him up for prayer. Being lively and active upon waking. One should get up straightaway, and not wake up in stages, as some people do. A person could be woken up several times, and each time he gets up, but when his friend leaves, he goes back to bed. Waking up in stages usually ends in failure, and the only way to prevent falling asleep again is to get up straight away.
Not setting the alarm too early. If a person knows that there is still a long time to go until the time of the prayer, he may think, "I still have time, let me sleep a little more. Everyone should know how to handle himself and avoid this situation. Lighting a lamp when waking up or, in our modern times, switching on the light. This has the effect of dispelling sleepiness. Not staying up late, even to pray qiyaam al-layl. Some people may stay up late to pray qiyaam al-layl, then fall asleep a few minutes before fajr and be unable to wake up for the prayer. The Shaytaan may make the idea of staying up late to discuss important matters attractive to some daaiyahs (Islamic workers), then they sleep late and miss the prayer, thus losing much more than they gained.
Not eating too much before going to sleep. Eating too much makes one sleep deeply. The one who eats a lot gets very tired, and sleeps a lot, thus losing a lot. So one should try to eat lightly in the evening. ? Following the example of the Prophet (SAW) in lying down to sleep. So a person should lie on his right side, placing his right cheek on his right hand. This position makes it easy to wake up. The best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (SAW), and this is better than sleeping in any other position which may make it difficult to wake up. Helping oneself by taking a nap during the day, because this will help a person by making him need less sleep at night. ? Not sleeping after asr or maghrib, because this will make a person sleep late, and whoever sleeps late will find it difficult to wake up.
Finally, sincere devotion to Allah is the best thing to motivate a person to get up for prayer, because Allah is the One Who is controlling all means of help. If a person has that true sincerity and his heart is burning with devotion to Allah, then Allah will help him to get up to pray fajr in congregation, even if he goes to sleep only a few moments before Fajr. But no doubt there are people who sleep so heavily that it is almost like an illness, and they may be excused, because the matter is beyond their control. People in this situation should turn to Allah for help, and do everything that they possibly can, and visit the doctor, to try to find a cure.