science of today is nothing else then observation. The scientists first
observe a problem and then on the bases of experimentation followed by
further observation reach to a particular solution. Thus, observation is
science and science is a pivotal component of the whole learning
is a great proponent of learning and stresses greatly on the importance
of learning. Islam wants its followers to get knowledge about things
that Allah has created and bestowed so that they are better able to
acknowledge His blessings. The lines below discuss the ways in which
Islam encourages learning, observation and science.
The first revelation to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was:
In the Name of your Lord Who has created (all that exists). He has
created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood). Read! And
your Lord is the Most Generous. Who has taught (the writing) by the pen.
He has taught man that which he knew not.” (96:1-5)
ayah of Quran clearly show that Allah Almighty firstly addressed
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) with the commandment of reading, which is a
pivotal part of the learning process. Therefore, the beginning of revelation of Quran with the word ‘Read’shows
the kind of importance Islam gives to reading in general and seeking of
knowledge and learning in particular. Moreover, this ayah also shows
that teaching comes from Allah Almighty as he is the one who taught
writing to man, therefore, the forms of learning that we see in the
world at present are all a blessing from Allah Almighty and not
utilizing them would mean being ungrateful of the blessings that are
bestowed upon a person.
provision of the ability to learn and seek knowledge is from Allah
Almighty regarding which He says in Quran in the following way:
Allah has brought you out from the wombs of your mothers while you know
nothing. And He gave you hearing, sight, and hearts that you might give
thanks (to Allah).” (16:78)
ayah gives the reason behind the provision of senses by Allah Almighty.
The purpose behind why Allah gave us sight, heart and hearing is that
we should utilize it in the way of learning and get knowledge about
whatever is around us. When a believer utilizes all these senses for the
purpose of learning and seeking knowledge, then he or she ultimately
reaches the conclusion that the blessings of Allah Almighty are endless
and that we need to be grateful for each and every one of them with
every breath of ours.
far as the importance of seeking knowledge or striving in the way of
its increase is concerned, Allah Almighty commanded Prophet Muhammad
(PBUH) to pray for its increase, in the following way in Quran:
“And say: ‘My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.” (20:114)
this ayah it is obvious that Allah Almighty encouraged Prophet (PBUH)
to pray for increase in knowledge. A Muslim must try to understand that
Muhammad (PBUH) was a Prophet and the most knowledgeable personthere
could ever be, if Allah is asking Him for praying for increase in
knowledge, then the Muslims at present who have such little knowledge
should never cease the quest for seeking more knowledge. Hence, there is
no stop to learning and seeking of knowledge whether religious or
scientific in Islam.
to the reward associated with the process of learning and seeking
knowledge, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said in a hadith:
“Whoever follows a path in the pursuit of knowledge, Allah will make a path to Paradise easy for him.” (Bukhari)
hadith shows that in addition to the satiation of the spirit of
knowledge, the pursuit of knowledge also comes with the pavement to the
Paradise. Now this hadith can be interpreted in two ways. The first of
which is the obvious that those who seek knowledge are blessed by Allah
Almighty. The second way in which this hadith could be seen is the fact
that when a person strives on the way of seeking knowledge and is true
to the cause, he or she then gets to know the reality of things, and
when one is able to understand the reality of things then he or she is
able to differentiate between the right and wrong and the acting upon
the former is what leads to paradise.
Etiquettes of Learning:
have been different theorists throughout history who have spoken about
different ways of learning. Some of those ways of learning are void of
any code of conduct. Islam is a religion that strictly follows the code of conduct, therefore, Muslims scholars have given six etiquettes of learning.
Asking Question – The
process of learning starts with asking question. A Muslim is to ask
questions because if the questions are not asked then things will go on
in the same unexplained manner making progress impossible. However, the
one thing to remember while asking question is good manner. When
questions are asked in the manner of politeness and with sincerity,
there importance supersedes the questions asked in a rude or
condescending manner which halts in learning.
Listening Attentively – Most
of the times it happens is that when a person asks question afterwards
he or she does not remain quite, which prevents the answers from
reaching the heart and mind of the person. Therefore, after asking the
right question it is more than imperative to keep quiet and listen to
the answer attentively.
Try To Understand – Most
of the times it happens that the answer goes over the head, this does
not mean that there is something wrong with the answer, rather what it
means is that one has not understood it properly. Therefore, sufficient
time needs to be given to understanding as well.
Memorizing – Once
one has received an answer to some question, one should hold on to it
and try to memorize the answer so that when such a situation or the same
problem is faced in the future, one could recall the memory and get the
answer for that issue.
Teaching And Practice – After
the question is answered and the answer properly understood, a seeker
of knowledge then needs to further impart that knowledge to others. The
confinement of knowledge to one’s own is selfish and it stops the
process of learning. Moreover, other than teaching the other important
thing is to act upon what is learnt as acting stands as the best form of
teaching, therefore, the answer needs to be implemented in the form of
acting upon it as well.
short, Islam is a great proponent of learning and encourages all those
who go on the path of learning. Islam understands that any kind of
knowledge whether religious or scientific that is beneficial for mankind
needs to be adopted and learned. It is only on the bases of knowledge
that humans could become more advanced and civilized.