By Sheikh Muhammad bin Jameel Zaynoo, Chapter 39
The Noble Qur’an has mentioned the reasons for the affliction of trials and tribulations and how Allah will lift them from His slaves. Some of these reasons are mentioned by Allah, the Most High, in His saying:
1. “That is because Allah will never change a grace which He has bestowed on a people until they change what is in themselves”. (Surah Al-Anfaal:53)
2. “Whatever misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands earned. He pardons much”. (Surah Ash-Shoora:30)
3. “Evil has appeared on land and sea because of what the hands of men have earned (by oppression and evil deeds), that He may make them taste a part of that which they have done, in order that they may return”. (Surah Ar-Room:41)
4. “Allah puts forward the example of a town (Makkah) that dwelt secure and well-content, its provisions coming to it in abundance from every place, but (its people) denied the Favours of Allah. So Allah made it taste extreme hunger and fear because of that (i.e. denying the Prophet) which they used to do”. (Surah An-Nahl:112)
Verily, these noble verses inform us that Allah, the Most High is Just and Wise and that He does not afflict a nation with trials except by reason of their disobedience to Him and opposition to His Commands. In particular, detachment from tawheed and disregard for it and the spread of the manifestations of shirk in most of the Islamic countries which suffer trials and tribulations as a result.
So these trials and tribulations will not be removed except by returning to the tawheed of Allah and ruling by His Shari’ah in one’s self and the society.
5. The Qur’an mentioned the state of the Mushrikeen and the fact that they used to call upon Allah alone when they were afflicted with trials, tribulations and severe circumstances. However, when they were safe from that which had befallen them, they returned to shirk and calling upon other than Allah during times of ease and happiness.
Allah, the Most High said: “When they embark on a ship, they invoke Allah, making their Faith pure for Him only, but when He brings them safely to land, behold, they give a share to their worship to others”. (Surah Al-‘Ankaboot:65)
6. However, when misfortune befalls many of the Muslims today, they call upon other than Allah and they utter: “Oh Messenger of Allah, Oh Jilaanee, Oh Rafaa’ee, Oh Marjaanee, Oh Badawee, Oh Shakh al-Arab ….”
They make shirk with Allah during times of hardship and ease, in opposition to the Speech of their Lord and the speech of their Messenger.
7. Verily, the reason for the defeat of Muslims in the Battle of Uhud was due to the opposition of some of the archers of the leader. Furthermore, the Muslims were surprises at the defeat, so Allah, the Most High, said to them: “Say: It is from yourselves”, (Surah Aal ‘Imraan: 165)
In the Battle of Hunain, some of the Muslims said: “We shall not be defeated by this small number”. However, it was a defeat for them and the censure and reprimand from Allah came in the saying of the Most High”
“On the day of Hunain when you rejoiced at your great number, but it availed you nothing”, (Surah At-Tawbah: 25).
Umar Ibn al-Khattab write to his commander Sa’ad, in Iraq: “Do not say that our enemy is worse than us, so they will not be able to defeat us, for it is possible a people may be defeated by those who are worse them, as the Children of Israel were defeated by the disbelieving Maajoos (Fire-worshippers) due to their sins they (the children of Israel) committed. And ask Allah for Help against your own souls, as you ask Him for help against your enemies”.
Taken from the Book: The Methodology Of The Saved Sect