The Six Articles of Faith in Islam

Most people confuse the five pillars of Islam (Faith, Prayers, Zakat, Fasting and Hajj) with the six Articles of Faith and so we have decided to elaborate on the six articles of faith today. The final revelation to Prophet Muhammad completed, the basic belief system of Islam came to comprise six articles of faith: 1.  Belief in that there is no god but Allah. 2.  Belief in all the messengers and prophets of Allah. 3.  Belief in all the scripture and revelations of Allah as they were delivered in their original form. 4.  Belief in the angels of Allah, without in anyway attributing to the angels any partnership or association with Allah. 5.  Belief in life after death and in an ultimate Day of Judgment. 6. Belief in the Divine Preordainment and Divine Decrees (Qadhaa' and Qadr) 1. Belief in Allah The first article of faith in Islam is belief in Allah, glorified and exalted is He. As the term ‘Allah’ implies, the belief in Allah is a stringent and strict monotheism. Allah is ‘the One God’. There is no other. As such, Allah is not the God of just one selected nation or ethnic group. Allah is the god of all mankind, of all forms of life, of all creations, and of all worlds. “Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds.” (Q1v2) Allah is One, i.e., One without peer, and One in absolute unity. He is not One among many, nor even One among others, but One in total uniqueness. His very uniqueness defies total comprehension by the limited intellect of mortal man. He is without beginning and without end, and there is nothing comparable to Him. Allah is the One God, besides Whom there is no other. The most perfect, beautiful, and sublime expression of this Oneness of Allah is to be found in the Quran chapter, The Purity of Faith: “In the name of Allah, most gracious, most merciful. Say: He is Allah, the One and Only; Allah, the eternal, absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; and there is none like unto Him.” (Q112v1-4) 2. Belief in all the prophets and messengers Muslims believe in all the messengers and prophets of Allah. Further, they believe that Allah has provided a messenger to every people. At one time or another, every people or nation of people has received revelation from Allah through its own messenger of Allah. There are many verses in the Quran, which attest to this basic truth. The following verses are among the most direct in this respect: “Before thee We sent (messengers) to many nations, and We afflicted the nations with suffering and adversity, that they might learn humility.” (Qu6v42) “Verily, We have sent thee in truth, as a bearer of glad tidings, and as a warner: and there never was a people, without a warner having lived among them (in the past). (Q35v24) Numerous prophets and messengers are directly mentioned in the Quran, including, among others, Adam, Noah, Abraham, Lot, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Job, Moses, Aaron, David, Solomon, Jonah, John the Baptist, Jesus, and Muhammad, peace be upon them all. There were many prophets and messengers, and a Muslim is not free to pick and choose among the prophets and messengers of Allah. A Muslim must acknowledge with equal respect all the prophets and messengers of Allah of whom he is aware.  “Those who deny Allah and His messengers, and (those who) wish to separate Allah from His messengers, saying: “We believe in some but reject others’: and (those who) wish to take a course midway-they are in truth (equally) unbelievers; and We have prepared for unbelievers a humiliating punishment.” (Q4:150v151) The seal of the prophets The Quran specifically states that Prophet Muhammad was the last of the prophets and messengers of Allah. In that respect, Allah refers to Prophet Muhammad as the ‘seal of the prophets’. 3. Belief in all the scripture and revelations Muslims believe in all of the Books of Allah. This includes both the Quran and the earlier Books revealed by-Allah to His various messengers. While all of Allah's prophets received divine inspiration and revelation, some of them were given an actual Book of revelation. Those, who were given such a Book, are frequently referred to as the messengers of Allah. The Quran notes five such Books of revelation: The Book given to Abraham; the Book (Torah or Law) given to Moses; the Book Psalms given to David; the Book Gospel given to Jesus; and the Book Quran given to Muhammad. Muslims believe that all these Books, as they were delivered in their original form to the messengers who then imparted them to mankind, were the actual, literal words of Allah. However, the operative phrase is ‘as they were delivered in their original form’. 4. Belief in the angels of Allah Muslims believe in the angels of Allah, without attributing to them any partnership whatsoever with Allah. The angels are no more than creations of Allah. In that respect, the angels can be compared to the jinn and to man. 'A'isha reported that Allah's Messenger said: “The angels were born out of light and the Jinns were born out of the spark of fire and Adam was born as he has been defined (in the Quran) for you (i.e., he is fashioned out of clay).” Of angels, jinn, and men As the above Hadith reveals, the angels were created from light, the jinn from fire?’, and mankind, through Adam, from clay. “We created man from sounding clay, from mud moulded into shape; and the jinn race, We had created before, from the fire of a scorching wind.” (Q5v26-27) “He created man from sounding clay like unto pottery, and He created Jinns from fire free of smoke.” (Q55v14-15) 5. Belief in the Day of Judgment As repeatedly stated in the Quran, the timing of the Day of Judgment is knowledge that rests solely with Allah. No man, no Jinn, no angel, and no prophet or messenger has the least knowledge about its precise timing. During his ministry, Prophet Muhammad was asked repeatedly about the timing of the Day of Judgment. In response to such questioning, Allah provided the following revelations to Prophet Muhammad through the angel Gabriel. “They ask thee about the (final) Hour-when will be its appointed time? Say: ‘The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (alone): none but He can reveal as to when it will occur. Heavy were its burden through the heavens and the earth. Only, all of a sudden will it come to you.’ They ask thee as if thou were eager in search thereof: say: ‘The knowledge thereof is with Allah (alone), but most men know not.” (Q7v187) “They ask thee about the Hour -’When will be its appointed time?’ Wherein art thou (concerned) with the declaration thereof? With thy Lord is the limit fixed therefore. Thou art but a warner for such as fear it.” (Q79:42v45) 6 - Belief in the Divine Preordainment and Divine Decrees (Qadhaa' and Qadr) Doom (Qadhaa') is the general Decree of Allah that every human shall die, whereas a Divine Decree (Qadr) is a particular Decree of Allah or the execution of Qadhaa', that a certain person is to die at a particular time and place. Hence, believing in this article entails believing that Allah has created everything and has foreordained its proper measure. The Facets of Qadr: 1. Allah is well acquainted with everything taking place, and His Knowledge encompasses everything. 2. Allah has pre-assigned portions of everything in the Preserved Tablet. 3. Nothing takes place in the heavens or on the earth without the Will of Allah and His Wish. Whatever Allah wills, takes place and whatever He does not will, does not take place. 4. Allah is the Creator of all things. There is no other creator beside Him.

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