WATER; KEY TO HEALTHY LIVING

PREAMBLE:

All praise and glorification belong to Allah, may His peace and blessings be upon the seal of Prophets Muhammad (salalau alaehi wasallam), his companions and the generality of the Muslim from now till the day of no return, Amin.

 

The medical benefits of water to the kidneys and the general well-being of the body cannot be over emphasized. The institute of medicine recommended that men achieve a daily fluid intake of 3 liters and that women take in 2.2 liters. About 70% of the body is composed of water, and about 71% of the planet's surface is covered by water. One part of the body that relies on adequate water intake is the kidney. The kidneys are organs that are responsible for many functions that help keep the body as healthy as possible. 

THE NEED TO DRINK WATER


Water is needed in all the cells and organs of the body in order for them to function well
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* It is used to lubricate the joints 

* Protects the spinal cord and other sensitive tissues.
*Regulate body temperature.
* And help in the passage of fluid through the intestines. Although, some of the water required by the body is obtained through foods with high contents like water melon, pineapples, tomatoes, oranges, etc, majority is obtained through drinking water and other beverages. 


During normal everyday activities, water is lost through the body, and there is need for replacement. It is noticeable that water is lost during activities like sweating, coughing, urination etc.  

WATER REQUIREMENT


The recommended amount of water that should be drunk per day varies from person to person depending on factors such as how active they are.

According to the Institute of Medicine (IOM), an adequate intake for men is approximately 13 cups (3 liters) a day for women an adequate intake of around 9 cups (2.2 liters). Water also helps dissolve minerals and nutrients so that they are more accessible to the body, as well as helping transfer waste products out of the body. It is these two functions that make water so vital to the kidneys.


FUNCTIONS OF THE KIDNEYS:


The kidneys are two small fist-sized organs that are shaped like beans. They are located in the middle of the back, on either side of the spine and situated just below the rib cage. In fact, the kidneys play an important role in the daily workings of our body. They are so important that God gave us two kidneys to cover the possibility that one might be lost to an injury. They are so important that with no kidney function, death can occur within a few days.


A crucial function of the kidney is to remove waste product and excess fluid from the body via urine, potassium and acid in the body and produce hormones that influence the performance of other organs.


When we eat and drink, nutrients and minerals enter the blood stream in order to be transported around the body and used for e energy, growth, maintenance or repair. The blood also passes through the kidney where it is filtered, and water are removed and sent to the bladder for expulsion.

If the kidneys do not function properly through kidney disease, waste products and excess fluid can build up around the body. Untreated, chronic kidney disease can lead to kidney failure, where the organ stop working, and either dialysis or kidney transplantation is required.


Water is important for the working of the kidney, not only for helping to initially dissolve the nutrients, but for ensuring that waste products, bacteria and proteins do not build up in the kidneys and the bladder. 


ROLE OF DECREASED WATER INTAKE ON THE KIDNEYS


URINARY TRACT INFECTION (UTIs): 

They are the second most common type of infection in the body. Infections spread to the upper urinary tract, including the kidneys, permanent damage can be caused.
Sudden kidney infections (acute) can be life-threatening, particularly if septicemia occurs.Drinking plenty of water is one of the simplest way to reduce the risk of developing a UTI and is also advised for people that have developed an infection. The presence of kidney stone can complicate UTIs as they can compromise how the kidney work. Complicated UTIs require longer periods of antibiotics to treat them, typically lasting 7 and 14 days.


The leading cause of kidney stone is lack of water, and they are commonly reported in people that have been found not drinking the recommended daily amount of water.
In November, 2014, The American College of Physicians issued new guidelines for people who have previously developed kidney stones, stating that increasing fluid intake to enable 2 liters of urination a day could decrease the risk of stone recurrence by at least half with no side effects.

DEHYDRATION:


Using and losing more water than the body takes in can also lead to an imbalance in the body's electrolytes like potassium, phosphate, sodium etc. The level of electrolytes in the body are kept constant by proper functioning of the kidneys.


When the kidneys are unable to maintain a balance in the levels of electrolytes, the electrical signals become mixed up, which can lead to seizure, involving involuntary muscle movement and loss of consciousness.


In some cases, dehydration can also lead to kidney failure, a potentially life threatening outcome. Possible complications of chronic kidney failure include anemia, damage to the central nervous system, heart failure and a compromised immune system.

May Allah accept the service from us all as act of Ibadah and pardon our errors, Amin.

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